Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the INDIAN respected politician who served as the 10th Prime Minister of India. This biography of Atal Bihari Vajpayee provides detailed information regarding his youth, life, accomplishments, timeline & works.
Birthday: December 25, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died At Age: 93
Born In: Gwalior
Famous As: Former Prime Minister Of India
Height: 1.68 M
Political Ideology: Bharatiya Janata Party (1980–Present)
Father: Krishna Bihari Vajpayee
Mother: Krishna Devi
Died On: August 16, 2018
Place Of Death: New Delhi
Founder/Co-Founder: Jana Sangh
Net Worth: $2 Million As Of Jan 15, 2017
Education: DAV College, Kanpur
Awards: 1992 – Padma Vibhushan
1994 – Lokmanya Tilak Award
1994 – Best Parliamentarian Award
1994 – Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award
2014 – Bharat Ratna
He was a part of the Indian Parliament for nearly five decades; in reality that he was the only parliamentarian who was elected from four distinct countries at different times, specifically, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Delhi. He left his foray into politics throughout the pre-independence age when he took a part in the Quit India Movement that resulted in his arrest and imprisonment. A real patriot, he had been among the founding members of this erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh, an Indian nationalist celebration. A multi-faceted character, he was a really skilled poet with many printed poems. Also well known is his love for his native speech Hindi–he had been the first man to provide a speech in Hindi in the U.N. General meeting. He was rather famous for his oratory skills and held several prestigious places in Indian politics before being chosen the Prime minister. His first stint as the Prime Minister of India lasted for only 13 days. He was sworn in for the next time following a year or two. This time also, his administration continued for just over a year. His third stint because the Prime Minister was his most successful one and that he served a complete term of five years at this place.
Childhood & Early Life
He became Connected with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a right-wing political party founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee in 1951. He became a faithful priest of Mookerjee and encouraged him throughout his fast-unto-death at Kashmir at 1954.
Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from Balrampur (U.P.) in 1957. He proved himself to be an superb orator and gave strong speeches.
He Had Been made the Federal president of the Jana Sangh in 1968 Following the Passing of Deendayal Upadhyaya. During the Upcoming few years that he worked tirelessly using Nanaji Deshmukh, Balraj Madhok and Lal Krishna Advani to create the Jana Sangha notable presence in Indian politics.
He Had Been made the Federal president of the Jana Sangh in 1968 Following the Passing of Deendayal Upadhyaya. During the Upcoming few years that he worked tirelessly using Nanaji Deshmukh, Balraj Madhok and Lal Krishna Advani to create the Jana Sangh a notable presence in Indian politics.
The Janata Party was Excavated after Morarji Desai’s resignation as Prime Minister in 1979. Vajpayee, in collaboration with Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairon Singh Shekhawat formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980 and became the party’s president.
Following the 1984 elections, even when BJP had been reduced to 2 chairs, Vajpayee worked tirelessly to create the party and at the upcoming parliamentary elections in 1989 BJP won 88 seats.
From 1991, BJP had emerged as the main opposition party and the party won 120 seats in 1991 parliamentary elections.
He became the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament in 1993 and in November 1995 in a BJP Summit in Mumbai, he Had Been Announced as the Prime Ministerial candidate of BJP.
Career as the Prime Minister
The BJP emerged the single largest party in Lok Sabha from the 1996 general elections. Vajpayee was sworn in as the Prime Minister in May 1996. But he resigned after 13 days because BJP couldn’t acquire a majority.
He was sworn in as the Prime Minister in 1998 after BJP emerged as the single largest party and formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) along with other political parties. This government lasted for a bit over a year when new elections were also held.
It was during his tenure which India conducted underground nuclear tests in Pokhran in May 1998, only a month after the government came to power. These evaluations were considered a national landmark.
The Kargil War between India and Pakistan took place between May and July 1999. From the conclusion of the war, the Indian Army and Air force had recaptured the regions infiltrated from the Pakistani militants. The Kargil victory cemented the reputation of Vajpayee as a strong and capable leader of the country.
The BJP-led NDA again emerged as the Biggest political alliance at the 1999 general elections in the wake of the Kargil War Success. Vajpayee has forced the Prime Minister for the third time in October 1999.
He introduced several economic and infrastructural reforms such as strengthening of private businesses, encouraging confidential investigation and development, bringing in the privatization of certain government-owned businesses, etc. His important jobs were National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
U.S. President Bill Clinton paid a state visit to India in March 2000. Clinton’s trip to India was seen as very important in enhancing the foreign exchange and economic relations between both nations.
The Parliament House in New Delhi Has Been attacked in December 2001 by Pakistan trained terrorists. Investigations pointed into a conspiracy hatched in Pakistan. For quite a while the danger of a full-scale war between the 2 nations loomed. The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA) was enacted in the wake of the assault.
The Vajpayee government executed several financial reforms throughout 2002-03 which led to a record growth rate of 6-7percent in the GDP. The global picture of India also advancing because of the rapid developments that occurred in the nation during this perios.
Atomic tests conducted in 1998 throughout his reign unambiguously established India as a nuclear state and the nation managed to come up with a minimum credible deterrent to ward off threats to its safety.
The National Highways Build Project (NHDP) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) were two jobs which were very near his heart. NHDP involves linking the four big cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. PMGSY is a nationally plan to supply good off-road street connectivity to unconnected villages.
He’s highly respected for Its Economical reforms and privatization policies he brought Around Throughout his tenure as the Prime Minister of India. His diplomacy and leadership whilst tackling political problems throughout the Kargil War and terrorist strikes further reinforced his picture as a sensible and capable leader of India.
Awards & Achievements
He Had Been awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the next highest civilian award in India in 1992 Because of his distinguished Participation in public Occasions.
He had been honored with Best Parliamentarian Award in 1994
In 2014, he Had Been honoured with Bharat Ratna, the Greatest civilian award of the Republic of India
Personal Life & Legacy
Vajpayee remained a bachelor all his life. He’d embraced Namita Bhattacharya, the girl of BN Kaul and Rajkumari Kaul also has been quite near his friends and family members.
He had a Profound love for Hindi and Composed several poems from the Speech.
He had a history of Sickness. He failed knee replacement operation in 2001. A stroke in the calendar year 2009 diminished his address. In the past couple of years of his lifetime, he had been mostly confined to a wheelchair and also neglected to recognize people. He suffered from diabetes and dementia. He hadn’t attended any public occasion in the past couple of years of his lifetime.
On June 11, 2018, he Had Been admitted to hospital due to Crucial health condition. He passed away on August 16, 2018, in the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, following a protracted illness.
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh called him the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics.
Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, and Mohd. Rafi was his favorite singers.
This towering political character has been the only parliamentarian to have been chosen from four distinct countries at various times namely UP, MP, Gujarat and Delhi.