Dadasaheb Phalke Biography
Dadasaheb Phalke was a renowned Indian screenwriter and filmmaker, dubbed as the ‘Father of Indian Cinema’ popularly. This biography of Dadasaheb Phalke provides complete details about his childhood, existence, achievements, works & timeline.
Birthday: April 30, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died At Age: 73
Also Known As: Dhundiraj Govind Phalke
Born In: Tryambakeshwar, Bombay Presidency
Famous As: Father Of Indian Cinema
Died On: February 16, 1944
Place Of Death: Nasik
List of latest recipients of Dadasaheb Phalke Award
|Ceremonial Year||Recipient||Film industry|
|2017 (65th)||Vinod Khanna||Hindi|
|2016 (64th)||Kasinathuni Viswanath||Telugu|
|2015 (63rd)||Manoj Kumar||Hindi|
|2014 (62nd)||Shashi Kapoor||Hindi|
|2011 (59th)||Soumitra Chatterjee||Bengali|
|2010 (58th)||K. Balachander||Tamil, Telugu|
|2009 (57th)||D. Ramanaidu||Telugu|
|2008 (56th)||V. K. Murthy||Hindi|
|2007(55th)||Manna Dey||Bengali, Hindi|
|2006 (54th)||Tapan Sinha||Bengali, Hindi|
|2005 (53rd)||Shyam Benegal||Hindi|
|2004 (52nd)||Adoor Gopalakrishnan||Malayalam|
|2003 (51st)||Mrinal Sen||Bengali|
|2002 (50th)||Dev Anand||Hindi|
|2001 (49th)||Yash Chopra||Hindi|
|2000 (48th)||Asha Bhosle||Hindi, Marathi|
|1999 (47th)||Hrishikesh Mukherjee||Hindi|
|1998 (46th)||B. R. Chopra||Hindi|
|1997 (45th)||Kavi Pradeep||Hindi|
|1996 (44th)||Sivaji Ganesan||Tamil|
|1994 (42nd)||Dilip Kumar||Hindi|
|1993 (41st)||Majrooh Sultanpuri||Hindi|
|1992 (40th)||Bhupen Hazarika||Assamese|
|1991 (39th)||Bhalji Pendharkar||Marathi|
|1990 (38th)||Akkineni Nageswara Rao||Telugu|
|1989 (37th)||Lata Mangeshkar||Hindi, Marathi|
|1988 (36th)||Ashok Kumar||Hindi|
|1987 (35th)||Raj Kapoor||Hindi|
|1986 (34th)||B. Nagi Reddy||Telugu|
|1985 (33rd)||V. Shantaram||Hindi, Marathi|
|1984 (32nd)||Satyajit Ray||Bengali|
|1983 (31st)||Durga Khote||Hindi, Marathi|
|1982 (30th)||L. V. Prasad||Hindi, Tamil, Telugu|
|1980 (28th)||Paidi Jairaj||Hindi, Telugu|
|1979 (27th)||Sohrab Modi||Hindi|
|1978 (26th)||Raichand Boral||Bengali, Hindi|
|1977 (25th)||Nitin Bose||Bengali, Hindi|
|1976 (24th)||Kanan Devi||Bengali|
|1975 (23rd)||Dhirendra Nath Ganguly||Bengali|
|1974 (22nd)||Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy||Telugu|
|1973 (21st)||Ruby Myers (Sulochana)||Hindi|
|1972 (20th)||Pankaj Mullick||Bengali & Hindi|
|1971 (19th)||Prithviraj Kapoor||Hindi|
|1970 (18th)||Birendranath Sircar||Bengali|
|1969 (17th)||Devika Rani||Hindi|
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, famously referred to as Dadasaheb Phalke, was a renowned Indian screenwriter and filmmaker, dubbed as the ‘Father of Indian Cinema’ popularly. From an early age group, he was artistic in character and displayed great curiosity in the innovative arts.
He pursued arts for completing his graduation and later on took up various careers such as for example that of a photographer and a draftsman. He also attempted establishing his printing business but shut it down when complications arose along with his partner.
The turning stage in his existence came when he noticed a silent film and was deeply relocated by its poignancy. He made a decision to turn into a filmmaker and seen it as his objective to provide Indian mythological character types on the shifting picture screen.
He released the first full-size Indian motion picture eventually, ‘Raja Harishchandra’, the most crucial milestone in Indian cinematic background. His persistent pioneering and faith initiatives laid the building blocks of Indian cinema.
He was a visionary who foresaw the potential of the film medium and in addition, made people understand its cultural and monetary well worth. Through his relentless dedication and earnest efforts, cinema is becoming an inevitable component of Indian tradition in today’s world.
Called after him, the ‘Dadasaheb Phalke Award’ may be the most prestigious award in the realm of Indian cinema which is usually bestowed each year to honor distinguished contribution to the film moderate.
Childhood & Early Life
On April 30 he was created, 1870 in Tryambakeshwar, Maharashtra, India right into a Marathi Brahmin family members. His dad was a proficient Sanskrit scholar.
He received his early education from Sir J. J. School of Artwork, Mumbai in 1885. In 1890, he finished his school education and attended the Kala Bhavan in Baroda then.
He learned about sculpture, engineering, drawing, photography, and painting in Kala Bhavan.
He started his career while a photographer in Godhra but remaining it following the demise of his wife and kid. Later, he worked well as a draftsman for the Archeological Study of India for a short period of time.
Then he has chosen the continuing business of printing and started his own printing press. He traveled to Germany to check out the most recent machinery and technology for his press. Alongside, he worked for the Raja Ravi Varma also, the famous painter of Indian mythological goddesses and gods, and learned more on the subject of art.
After watching a silent movie ‘The Existence of Christ’, he was inspired and envisioned Indian gods on the screen immensely. This event became a turning stage of his profession and marked the start of the imagine cinema-making in India.
After watching the silent film, some money was borrowed by him and produced the first motion picture of Indian cinema titled ‘Raja Harishchandra’, in 1912. The movie was demonstrated on May 3, 1913, at Mumbai’s Coronation Cinema. It had been a fantastic experience for the general public and he received very much appreciation for his work.
Following the success of his first film, he made many films and short films. A few of his renowned functions were ‘Mohini Bhasmasur’ (1913), ‘Savitri Satyavan’ (1914), ‘Lanka Dahan’ (1917), ‘Shri Krishna Janma’ (1918) and ‘Kaliya Mardan’ (1919).
Soon silent films progressed into a potential medium and proved their financial viability also. Therefore business owners approached him and he opened up a film business ‘Hindustan Films’ together with five businessmen from Mumbai.
The principal agenda of the businessmen was to get profits while he solely centered on the creative aspect of filmmaking which resulted in a difference of opinions and he resigned from the company in 1920. Although after some right time, he came back to the film firm and directed some movies, he hardly ever really understood or appreciated the profit aspect of filmmaking and eventually left the ongoing company again. His last silent film was ‘Setubandhan’ (1932).
In 1937, he directed his first audio film ‘Gangavataran’ which became the last film of his career also. With the intro of sound in cinema and the brand new diversified means of filmmaking, his work lost admiration and he took a pension from filmmaking eventually.
In his 19 years of film producing career, he produced 95 movies and 26 short films. His other film functions include ‘Rajrishi Ambarish’ (1922), ‘Ram Maruti Yuddha’ (1923), ‘Guru Dronacharya’ (1923), ‘Ashwathama’ (1923), ‘Shivajichi Agryahun Sutaka’ (1924), ‘Satyabhama’ (1925), ‘Ram Rajya Vijay’ (1926), ‘Bhakta Pralhad’ (1926), ‘Hanuman Janma’ (1927), ‘Draupadi Vashtraharan’ (1927),‘Parshuram’ (1928), ‘Sant Mirabai’ (1929) and ‘Kabir Kamal’ (1930).
His most amazing and unprecedented contribution to the global world was Indian cinema. His debut film, ‘Raja Harishchandra’ (1913), a function predicated on Hindu mythology, is known as to be India’s 1st full-length film which laid the building blocks of filmmaking in India.
Personal Life & Legacy
He married his first wife in 1885 but she died in 1900 unfortunately. He married Saraswatabai and raised a family group with her later. His wife was extremely supportive of his occupation.
Away on February 16, he passed, 1944, in Nashik, Bombay, British India, at age 73.
In recognition of his lifetime contribution to the Indian cinema, the ‘Dadasaheb Phalke Award’ was instituted in 1969 by the India government. The prestigious award may be the highest official acknowledgment for film personalities in India and is usually presented yearly by the president of India for the amazing contribution to Indian cinema.