Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. This biography profiles his childhood, life history, political career, role in freedom movement & achievements.
Born: 14 November 1889
Place of Birth: Allahabad
Parents: Motilal Nehru (father) and Swaruprani Thussu (mother)
Spouse: Kamala Nehru
Children: Indira Gandhi
Education: Harrow School, London; Trinity College, Cambridge; Inns of Court School of Law, London
Associations: Indian National Congress
Political Ideology: Nationalism; Socialism; Democracy; Communist influences
Religious Beliefs: Hinduism
Publications: The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History, Toward Freedom, Letters from a Father to His Daughter
Passed Away: 27 May 1964
Memorial: Shantivan, New Delhi
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
He Nehru was the principal framer of worldwide and domestic policies during his term as PM between 1947 and 1964. It had been under Nehru’s guidance that India released its first Five-Year Plan in 1951.
Nehru was among the architects to steer the nascent country towards the brilliance envisioned by countless revolutionaries of the Indian Independence struggle.
Childhood & Early Life
November 1889 Jawaharlal Nehru was created on 14, in a rich Kashmiri Brahmin family in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. His father, Motilal Nehru was a renowned advocate and an influential political activist also.Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Nehru family was elitist in the majority of their English and practices was spoken and encouraged. His father, Motilal Nehru appointed Scottish and English teachers to supervise his kids’ education in the home.
For advanced schooling, young Nehru was delivered to Harrow college, then later on to Cambridge University in England to secure a degree in organic sciences. After spending 2 yrs at the Internal Temple, London, he certified as a barrister.
During his stay static in London, Nehru studied topics like literature, politics, economics, and history. He got drawn to the basic ideas of liberalism, nationalism, and socialism. In 1912, he came back to India and became a member of the Allahabad Large Court Bar.
His Role in Freedom Struggle
Although he dabbled in political affairs since his go back to India, by participating in Indian National Congress’ sessions and in Besant’s Home Rule Movement, Nehru whole heartedly embraced a political career only in 1919 in the wake of the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre.
He adopted Gandhi’s directives and was imprisoned for taking part in the 1st civil disobedience marketing campaign as general secretary of the United Provinces Congress Committee in 1921. His amount of time in jail helped him accomplish a deeper knowledge of the Gandhian philosophy and the nuances of the noncooperation movement.
He was relocated by Gandhi’s approach to coping with caste and “untouchability”.
With time, Nehru emerged as an influential and popular nationalist leader, in Northern India particularly.
He was elected as the elected president of the Allahabad municipal corporation in 1920.
Jawaharlal Nehru traveled to European nations like Germany, France, and the Soviet Union in 1926 along with his family and sought meetings with many Communists, Socialists, and radical leaders from Africa and Asia.Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Nehru was also impressed with the financial program of the communist Soviet Union and wanted to apply the same in his personal country. In 1927, he became a known member of the Little league against Imperialism produced in Brussels, the administrative centre city of Belgium.
In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi supported the true name of Nehru as another president of the Congress. Your choice was also an effort to abate the strength of “communism” in the Congress. The same 12 months, Nehru was arrested for the violation of the Salt Legislation.
In 1936, Nehru was re-elected as the elected president of the Indian National Congress. Sources suggest a heated argument between your old and young leaders occurred in the Lucknow Program of the party. The youthful and “new-gen” leaders of the party experienced advocated for an ideology, predicated on the ideas of Socialism.
Nehru as Prime Minister of India
On 15 August 1947, a free of charge India was created. Nehru was elected as the first Primary Minister of independent India. He was the 1st PM to hoist the nationwide flag and make his iconic speech “Tryst with Destiny” from the ramparts of the Lal Quila (Red Fort).
The right time had come to implement his ideas and create a healthy nation. Nehru’s stint as PM of India is characterized by is liberalist and secular approach.
He completed his vision to transport youthful India towards the street of technical and scientific excellence with great zeal. He applied a true number of socio-economic reforms and paved just how for rapid industrialization.
In the entire year 1949, Jawaharlal Nehru produced his initial visit to America, seeking a remedy to India’s urgent meals shortage. In 1951, Jawaharlal Nehru released the country’s “First Five-Year Strategy” emphasizing on the upsurge in the agricultural output.
Nehru’s Foreign Policy
Jawaharlal Nehru was a supporter of the anti-imperialist policy. He extended his support for the independence of little and colonized countries of the global world. He was also among the prominent architects of the Non-Aligment Motion (NAM).Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Nehru’s predominant function in substantiating India’s role in the building blocks of organizations like NAM had amazed the after that stalwarts of worldwide politics. He advocated the plan of non-alignment through the cold battle and India, subsequently, held itself aloof from becoming along the way of “global bifurcation“.
Sino-Indian War of 1962
The roots of the Sino-Indian conflict in 1962 lie in a number of facts of history. The Nehru Indian Authorities experienced granted asylum to Dalai Lama after his banishment following a Tibet uprising in 1959 and it irked China.
Moreover, boundary disputes over the MacMohan Collection in Arunachal Aksai and Pradesh Chin region in Ladakh, Kashmir put into India-Sino bitterness also.
Nehru and his Chinese counterpart, Premier Zhou Enlai were not able to attain a political accord on the 3,225-kilometre-long disputed border concern.
As an excellent believer in pluralism, democracy and socialism, Nehru developed India as a secular country true to its thousand years old cultural heritage.
He paved method for India’s educational exaltation by envisioning the country’s best tier organizations like Indian Institute of Technology, All India Institute of Medical India’s and Sciences 1st space program. He offered as the principal political motivation to his child Indira Gandhi who became the PM of India after his loss of life.
In Popular Culture
Shyam Benegal produced this tv series ‘Bharat Ek Khoj’ predicated on Nehru’s famous publication, Discovery of India. Nehru was featured as prominent personality in Richard Attenborough’s biopic Ketan and ‘Gandhi’ Mehta’s ‘Sardar’.
In 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru suffered a stroke and a coronary attack. On 27 Might 1964, Nehru passed on. Nehru was cremated at the Shantivana on the banking institutions of the Yamuna River, Delhi.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.