Frederick The Great
Frederick II or Frederick the Great was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786. This biography profiles his youth, life, predominate, timeline and accomplishments.
Birthday: January 24, 1712
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died At Age: 74
Also Known As: Frederick II
Born In: Berlin
Famous As: King Of Prussia
Spouse/Ex-: Elisabeth Christine Von Braunschweig-Bevern
Father: Frederick William
Mother: Sophia Dorothea Of Hanover
Siblings: Heinrich, Wilhelmina
Died On: August 17, 1786
Place Of Death: Potsdam
Epitaphs: Quand Je Serai La, Je Serai Sans Souci.
Frederick II also called’Frederick the Great’ was a strong and influential King of Prussia whose reign witnessed many military successes expanding the lands of Prussia. His leadership not just made Prussia a notable military power but also among the best nations in Europe. He triumphed from the’Seven Years’ War’ beating chances.
An advocate of enlightened absolutism, he uttered the civil, civil and judicial procedure and chased distinct spiritual policies in Prussia though stayed prejudiced concerning the Jews. He maintained several lands of Poland throughout the first Partition of Poland’. He stayed an icon to the Nazis who glorified him as an excellent German pioneer pre-Hitler. He was a fantastic patron of architecture and art but also imposed laws to censor the media.
His reign saw the construction of many buildings such as Berlin State Opera and the palace of Sanssouci amongst others. A fantastic music enthusiast, he can play with the transverse flute and written many sonatas and symphonies. As he had been issueless, his nephew Frederick William II triumphed.
Childhood & Early Life
He Had Been born January 24, 1712, in Berlin to Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. His dad became the King of Prussia in 1713 success his grandfather Frederick I and that he became the crown prince.
His dad was a martinet who advocated centralized government and reined Brandenburg-Prussia with a complete monarchy and has been believed a paranoiac who owned a violent temper.
He had been cared for from the Huguenot governesses in his youth along with several tutors. His schooling and upbringing were vehemently commanded by his father whom he soon developed a bitter battle and faced physical violence, humiliation, and public complaint.
Considering his dad greatly scorned his interest in literature and arts, he covertly preserved a library with the assistance of his mentor Jacques Duhan, where he got publications on French philosophy, poetry and Roman and Roman classics.
His mom, daughter of prospective King George I of Britain, was a considerate and educated lady.
His battle with his dad escalated in 1730 when he attempted to run away with Lieutenant Hans Hermann von Katte. After being captured at the border that he had been imprisoned in the fortress of Küstrin and has been forced to see the official implementation of Hans Hermann von Katte on November 6.
Although he had been released on November 18, 1730, he had been appointed in local government of’War and Estates Departments’ on November 20 as a junior officer depriving a military position.
He shared a fantastic bond with his sister Wilhelmina during his lifetime. On November 20, 1731, he had been permitted to pay a visit to Berlin to attend his sister’s wedding with Margrave Frederick of Bayreuth.
His Initial Adventure in active military service was Through the’War of the Polish Succession’ when Prussia Helped Austria with troops to Fight France from the Rhineland.
On May 31, 1740, if he became the King of Prussia success his father, nearly all of his lands were scattered and disconnected.
With the purpose of expanding and joining several territories of Prussia, he fought many wars. He increased dispute Maria Theresa’s series after the passing of her dad Emperor Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire. On December 16, 1740, that the war of Austrian Succession’ began and lasted until 1748 and he invaded Silesia and occupied it in almost no time.
A String of Silesian wars adopted. On April 10, 1741 he struck the first significant struggle in Silesia,’Battle of Mollwitz’. Although Prussia became successful in the conflict, Frederick confused to have been conquered by the Austrians fled the battle providing command of the military into Field Marshal Kurt Schwerin,a movement that he later regretted
On May 17, 1742, from the battle of Chotusitz,’ the Austrian troops combated the Prussian military but faced defeat from the strong force headed by Frederick II. The Austrians were forced to sign the treaty of Breslau’ using Prussians at June 1742 that enabled Austria to keep just 1 part of Upper Silesia, the Austrian or Czech Silesia’ while Prussia took charge of the remainder of Silesia and Glatz County.
He stayed victorious in another few wars such as’Battle of Hohenfriedberg’ and the battle of Soor’. Overcoming great odds he triumphed from the’Seven Years’ War’ that began on August 29, 1756, and finished in 1763.
The anti-Prussian coalition crumbled after January 1762 after the series of pro-Prussian Peter III following the passing of Empress Elizabeth of Russia –an episode called’Miracle of the House of Brandenburg’.
the treaty of Hubertusburg’ has been signed. Throughout the first Partition of Poland’ in 1772, he maintained several lands of Poland thus connecting nearly all of his imperial domain. A notable military theorist, he thought in forming alliances and analyzed and implemented tactics, plans, logistics and freedom besides the personal experience of warfare.
Gradually, other nations such as France and Russia began copying this version of the Prussian military.
He introduced many reforms to create Prussia a politically powerful state. Some such steps were easing constraints on domestic commerce, imposing indirect taxation, boosting commerce and labor and controlling costs of grains.
Countless new villages were formed, fresh farmlands were opened consequently attracting a huge amount of immigrants. An advocate of enlightened absolutism, he reformed the civil, civil and judicial procedure and chased distinct religious policies which encouraged religious tolerance.
His reign saw appointments of senior bureaucrats and judges if they weren’t of noble origin. He also signed up the treaty of amity and trade’ with the USA in 1785 thus recognizing a new independent state. The Berlin Academy which confronted tragedy for two decades had been revived during his reign and from 1789 it gained international repute.
Personal Life & Legacy
Frederick William was persuaded by Prince Eugene of Savoy to marry off his son Frederick II with Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern, a scion of a Small German princely Household.
Although he resented the political union, Frederick II reluctantly gave in to the union on June 12, 1733. Though he barely cared for his spouse and neglected her like preventing her to stop by his court at Potsdam afterward he became the king in 1740, she always remained loyal to her husband.
He has given her the’Schönhausen Palace’ and many flats in the Berliner Stadtschloss’. He left his brother Augustus William’Prince of Prussia’, the heir to the throne. On August 17, 1786, he died in his Sanssouci palace whilst sitting in armchair in his study area.
Although his directions were to bury him about the vineyard terrace of Sanssouci with his greyhounds, his nephew and successor Frederick William II murdered him at the Potsdam Garrison Church. On August 17, 1991, marking his 205th passing anniversary, his entire body was buried at the vineyard terrace of Sanssouci, complying with his final directions.