HISTORY OF UTTAR PRADESH
Uttar Pradesh as a country unfolds a fascinating past dating back to 4000 decades back, which breathes new in each corner. This nation sits round the three historically important rivers — Yamuna, Ganga and the mythical Saraswati.
The enormous and fertile Gangetic Plains which compose the current day Uttar Pradesh have played a vital role in the rise and collapse of major empires and dynasties heading back over 2500 decades back.
Lying to the East of the capital of India, New Delhi, this is a tactical area that invaders and rulers sought to restrain so as to establish their power from North India.
HOW THE STATE WAS ORIGINATED
With each twist on this property, the background carries an imposing bend. The background of Uttar Pradesh dates back to the time when’Dasas’ inhabited Uttar Pradesh.
In 2000 BC the Aryans arrived and laid the base of a Hindu culture. Afterwards, the country has been reigned by a few of those great and powerful empires such as Maurya, Nanda, Magadh, Sunga, Kushan, Pal, Rashtrakut and Mughals.
Uttar Pradesh also cradles the inspirational past of Buddhism. In current times, the country is dotted with magnificent monuments, museums, temples, and other relics of the contemporary age.
- 24th January has been designated as Uttar Pradesh Day and will be celebrated every year.
- Uttar Pradesh was formed as United Province of India during the British rule on 1st April 1937.
- During the British era, the country was called North West Province of Agra and Oudh (NWPA), which was renamed as United Province of Agra and Oudh in 1902. In summary it was known as United Provinces.
- Before, the capital of Uttar Pradesh was Faizabad that was later shifted to Lucknow.
- Uttar Pradesh was the primary center during the period of Freedom battle.
- Uttar Pradesh is also known as Hindi Heartland owing to the notable Hindi writers born in this area in ancient and medieval times like Saint Kabir Das, Tulsi Das, Surdas, Vishnu Sharma, Malik Mohhamad Jayasi, along with modern writers like Prem Chand, Jaishankar Prasad, Bhartendu Harishchandra, Mahadevi Verma and countless others that contributed in the thrive of Hindi language.Hindi, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj, Bundeli and English are the main languages spoken in the State.
- Uttar Pradesh boundaries along 9 other states, that’s the maximum compared to other nations in India. All these 9 states include — Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh Bihar and Jharkhand.
- UP shares its international boundary with Nepal in north.
- Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest by place and top most by population in the nation.
- Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest district of Uttar Pradesh region wise.
- The Uttar Pradesh area is the land of activity (KarmaBhoomi) of Gautam Buddha or at which he set the wheel of Karma in motion. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath.
- Uttar Pradesh is considered to be among the spiritual hub of India.
- Since, it is home to Mathura- the birthplace of Lord Krishna, Ayodhya- the birthplace of Lord Rama and Allahabad — the’Teertharaj’, holiest of the pilgrimage sites.
- Kathak is a prominent dance form of Uttar Pradesh, Sarus crane the country bird while the state animal is swamp deer.
STOPS IN THE HISTORY TRAIL
- Aryan Age
- Emergence of Buddhism
- Post Vedic Period
- Pre-Christ Era
- The Kushana Empire
- Rise of Chandelas
- Dominion of Muslim Rulers
- Taj Mahal
- Renaming Prayag
- Shift in the capital
- 1857: The Independence Struggle
- United Province to Uttar Pradesh
- Formation of Uttarakhand from Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh must undergo 3 kinds of seasons. All these are Winter, Summer and Monsoon. Winter Season is between January and February.
Best time to See Uttar Pradesh, such as the rest of north India can become very hot and humid during the summer months. Therefore, winter is the ideal time to learn more about the nation in all its entire blossom.