Rabindranath Tagore, known as Gurudev also, was a Bengali polymath who made a great contribution to Indian literature, music, and also artwork. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. Let’s check out his childhood, life background, works, and achievements.
Date of Birth: May 7, 1861
Place of Birth: Calcutta, British India
Date of Death: August 7, 1941
Place of Death: Calcutta, British India
Profession: Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter
Spouse: Mrinalini Devi
Children: Renuka Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, Meera Tagore, Rathindranath Tagore and Madhurilata Tagore
Father: Debendranath Tagore
Mother: Sarada Devi
Award: Nobel Prize in Literature (1913)
Rabindranath Tagore, who composed the National Anthem of India and received the Nobel Prize for Literature, was a multitalented character in every feeling. He was a Bengali poet, Brahmo Samaj philosopher, visible artist, playwright, novelist, painter and a composer.
He was also a cultural reformer who altered Bengali artwork by rebuffing the strictures that confined it within the sphere of classical Indian forms. Though he was a polymath, his literary works only are enough to put him in the elite set of all-time greats.
Today even, Rabindranath Tagore is remembered for his poetic tunes often, which are both spiritual and mercurial. He was among those great minds, before his time, and that’s exactly why his ending up in Albert Einstein is recognized as a clash between technology and spirituality.
Tagore was keen in spreading his ideologies to all of those other worlds and therefore embarked on a global tour, lecturing in countries like Japan and America. Soon, his functions were admired by folks of numerous countries and he ultimately became the 1st non-European to earn a Nobel Prize.
Aside from Jana Gana Mana (the Nationwide Anthem of India), his composition ‘Amar Shonar Bangla’ was used as the National Anthem of Bangladesh and the Nationwide Anthem of Sri Lanka was influenced by one of is own works.
Childhood and Early Life
Rabindranath Tagore was created on 7th Might 1861 to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi in the Jorasanko mansion (the ancestral house of the Tagore family members) in Calcutta. He was the youngest child among thirteen young children.
Though the Tagore family had many users, he was mostly elevated by servants and maids as he dropped his mom while he was still extremely young and along with his father being an considerable traveler. At an extremely young age, Rabindranath Tagore was section of the Bengal renaissance, which his family members took energetic participation in.
individual was also a young child prodigy as he started penning down poems at the age of 8. He also started composing artworks at a tender age group and by age sixteen he previously started publishing poems beneath the pseudonym Bhanusimha. He wrote the short tale also, ‘Bhikharini’ in 1877 and the poem collection, ‘Sandhya Sangit’ in 1882.
He drew motivation by reading the classical poetry of Kalidasa and started discovering classical poems of his personal. Some of his other inspirations and influences originated from his siblings. While Dwijendranath, his elder brother, was a philosopher and poet, Satyendranath, another brother of his, was in a respectable position highly.
His sister Swarnakumari was a well-known novelist. Tagore was mainly was and home-schooled qualified by his siblings in neuro-scientific gymnastics, fighting techniques, art, anatomy, literature, mathematics and history among several other subjects. In 1873, he accompanied his dad and toured the national country for many months. During this trip, he accumulated understanding on several subjects.
His stay at Amritsar paved the real way for him to understand about Sikhism, an experience which he’d later on make use of to pen down as much as six poems and several articles on the religious beliefs.
Rabindranath Tagore’s traditional education started in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a general public school. He was delivered to England in the full year 1878 as his dad wanted him to become barrister. He was joined by a few of his family members like his nephew later on, sister-in-law and niece to be able to support him during his stay static in England.
Rabindranath had always despised formal education and showed no interest in learning from his school thus. He was on enrolled at the University University in London later, where he was asked to understand legislation.
But he once more dropped out and discovered a number of works of Shakespeare by himself. After learning the essence of English, Irish and Scottish music and literature, he came back to India and wedded Mrinalini Devi when she was simply 10 years old.
Establishment of Santiniketan
Rabindranath’s father had bought an enormous stretch of property in Santiniketan. With an basic idea of establishing an experimental college in his dad’s property, he shifted foundation to Santiniketan in 1901 and founded an ashram there.
It had been a prayer hall with marble flooring and was called ‘The Mandir.’ The classes there have been kept under trees and adopted the traditional Guru-Shishya method of teaching. Rabindranath Tagore hoped that the revival of the ancient approach to teaching would prove helpful in comparison with the modernized method.
Regrettably, his wife and two of his kids died throughout their stay in Santiniketan which left Rabindranath distraught. For the time being, his functions started growing increasingly more popular among the Bengali along with the foreign visitors.
This ultimately gained him recognition worldwide and in 1913 Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature, becoming Asia’s 1st Nobel laureate.
The World Tour
Since Rabindranath Tagore believed in the idea of one world, he lay out on a global world tour, so that they can spread his ideologies. He required along with him also, his translated works, which caught the interest of several legendary poets.
He lectured in countries just like the USA and Japan also. After soon, Tagore found himself going to places like Mexico, Rome and singapore, where he met national leaders and important personalities including the likes of Mussolini and Einstein. In 1927, he embarked on a Southeast Asian tour and influenced many along with his wisdom and literary functions.
Tagore used this chance to discuss with many world leaders also, the presssing issues between Indians and the English. Though his initial goal was to put an final end to nationalism, Rabindranath over a time period recognized that nationalism was mightier than his ideology, and developed further hatred towards it hence. By the final end of it all, he experienced visited as much as thirty countries spread over five continents.
During his lifetime, Rabindranath Tagore wrote several poems, novels and short stories. Though he started writing at a very young age, his desire to produce more number of literary works only enhanced post the death of his wife and children. Some of his literary works are mentioned below:
Tagore began to create short stories when this individual was only a teenager. He started his composing career with ‘Bhikharini’. Through the preliminary stage of his profession, his tales reflected the surroundings where he grew. He also ensured to incorporate social problems and issues of the indegent man in his stories. He also wrote about the drawback of Hindu marriages and many other customs which were section of the country’s custom in the past. A few of his famous brief tales consist of ‘Kabuliwala’, ‘Kshudita Pashan’, ‘Atottju’, ‘Musalmanir and ‘Haimanti’ Golpo’ among a great many other stories.
It is stated that among his works, his novels are under-appreciated mostly. One of the good reasons for this may be his unique design of narrating a story, which is difficult to comprehend by modern readers still, let alone the visitors of his period. His functions spoke about the impending risks of nationalism among additional relevant interpersonal evils. His novel ‘Shesher Kobita’ narrated its tale through poems and rhythmic passages of the primary protagonist. He also offered a satirical component to it by producing his characters consider jibes at an outdated poet called Rabindranath Tagore! Other popular novels of his consist of ‘Noukadubi’, ‘Gora’, ‘Chaturanga’, ‘Ghare Baire’ and ‘Jogajog’.
Tagore’s Stint as an Actor
Tagore wrote many dramas, based on Indian mythology and modern social issues. He started his drama works together with his brother when he was just a teenager. When he was twenty years old, he not merely do pen the drama ‘Valmiki Pratibha’but played the titular character also. The drama was predicated on the legendary dacoit Valmiki, who later on pens and reforms down among the two Indian epics – Ramayana.
Tagore the Artist
Rabindranath Tagore used painting and drawing when this individual was around sixty years aged. His paintings were shown at exhibitions structured throughout Europe. The design of Tagore had particular peculiarities in coloring and aesthetics schemes, which distinguished it from those of additional artists.
He was influenced by the craftwork of the Malanggan people also, owned by the northern New Ireland. He was also influenced by Haida carvings from the west coast of woodcuts and Canada by Max Pechstein. The Nationwide Gallery of Modern Artwork in New Delhi homes as much as 102 artworks of Tagore.
Though Tagore denounced nationalism, he also vouched for the Indian independence through a few of his politically charged tunes. He also supported Indian nationalists and criticized European imperialism publicly. He also criticized the scholarly education system that was forced upon India by the English.
In 1915, he received a knighthood from the British Crown, which he renounced citing the massacre held at Jallianwala Bagh later on. He stated that the knighthood designed absolutely nothing to him when the Uk failed to actually consider his fellow Indians as human beings.
Adaptations of Tagore’s Works
A lot of his novels and brief stories were converted to movies by the renowned filmmaker Satyajit Ray. Additional filmmakers as well, over the full years, have drawn motivation from his functions and also have incorporated his stories into their movies. As much as 39 tales of his were made into films by numerous directors and some other stories were converted to TV series. A few of the recent movie adaptations consist of ‘Detective’, ‘Postmaster’, ‘Jogajog’, ‘Shesher Kabita’ and ‘Tasher Desh.’
Last Days & Death
Rabindranath Tagore spent the last four years of his existence in constant discomfort and was bogged down by two lengthy bouts of disease. In 1937, he proceeded to go right into a comatose condition, which relapsed over time of 3 years. After a protracted period of suffering, On August 7 Tagore passed away, 1941 in the same Jorasanko mansion where he was raised.
Since Rabindranath Tagore changed just how Bengali literature was viewed, an everlasting was remaining by him impression on many. Apart from many of his statues and busts which have been erected in many countries, many yearly events spend tribute to the legendary article writer.
Many of his functions were made international, because of a bunch of translations by many popular international authors. There are five museums focused on Tagore. While three of these are located in India, the rest of the two are in Bangladesh. The museums home his famous works, and so are visited by millions every full year.